Why do People with Down Syndrome Look the Same?
What is Down Syndrome?
Individuals with Down Syndrome look the same and it’s a unique trait of this disability, indeed, all of the individuals suffering from this disease share similar facial features. Which makes it easy to recognize anyone dealing with this illness.
All of us, at some point, have wondered why do people with Down Syndrome look alike?
What Causes the Physical Traits & Similarities?
To answer this question, let’s first break down what is actually Down Syndrome. It is a genetic disorder that causes the 21st chromosome to be duplicated either completely or partially. As a result, overexpression of genes is created.
Multiple scientific pieces of research have demonstrated that this overexpression of genes does not only affect the 21st chromosome, but it can also have an effect on multiple other genes as well. Another thing that makes the matter more complicated is that there could be an under-expression of genes too.
The Scientifique Explanation.
This overexpression and under-expression of genes are the cause that makes people with Down Syndrome have similar facial features. But scientists don’t yet know which ones are the direct cause of these physical traits and similarities.
The typical nucleus of a human cell is normally assigned 23 pairs of chromosomes, but when a person experiences a complete or partial copy of chromosome 21, Down Syndrome occurs. According to statistics with every 691 babies born, one of them is born with this disability, which know as the most usual genetic condition, in the U.S alone.
What are the Facial & Physical Features of Down Syndrome individuals?
The usually observed and typical Down Syndrome appearance is an aberrant small chin, oblique palpebral cracks at the inner corner of the eyes which makes them shaped like an almond, The nose is a little bit flat, smaller ears and bigger head. Also, some of the individuals experience a thicker neck than usual but not all of them.
Patients with Down Syndrome suffer from muscle hypotonia, meaning that their limbs are not as stiff and properly controlled as most people are, they are ” loose ” and most of them remain hooked. They have a flat nostril bridge and a protruding tongue. Their face is flat and wide, and their neck is short. There is a large gap in between the big toe and the other toes. They have short fingers and they are also short in height. Not everyone with Down syndrome needs to have all of these characteristics though.
Bonus: How to Interact with an Individual Affected with Down Syndrome?
Communication is key.
When you have a child with this condition, communication between you two tends to lesser than usual. This is why it is extremely helpful to utilize multiple techniques whenever you interact with your baby or child. As a part of caring for your son or daughter, you will be doing different activities such as feeding, bathing, changing, and playing and you need to do them with communication not just rush into finishing them.
Make Communication Visual.
You have to try to support your baby’s spoken communication with alot off different visual indications. As an example you should use objects, pictures, photos, and gestures associated with speech when talking to your child.
Another way to do just that is to learn signs system, which will help your baby understand you when you speak, and also will teach him how to communicate more easily.
Watch your Child Carefully and Respond.
Part of the responsibility that lays on your shoulders is to watch closely and carefully your child’s behavior and respond with care to the way she communicates. Try to copy what the child does and tell him words along with signs about whatever makes him curious.
Enthusiastic and Animated.
Whenever you are interacting with your baby, you should always respond in enthusiastic and animated manner. Utilize a lot of facial expressions, and change the tone of your voice frequently. This will help him concentrate on your expressions, speech, and gestures.